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Michigan Family Law Blog

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Does Marijuana Use Affect Child Custody Decisions in Michigan?

Many factors influence child custody decisions in Michigan. In some cases, a spouse might allege that a parent’s habits, activities, or lifestyle could harm a child if that parent were granted custody of the child. In those cases, the other parent needs to consult with an experienced Michigan divorce lawyer immediately. A judge could rule in favor of a spouse alleging misconduct if the judge believes that a parent’s conduct could harm the child.

Is Using Marijuana a Reason to Deny Custody?

The courts in Michigan use various factors to determine custody and parenting time. The last of the basic factors states that a judge can consider any other factor that is relevant to a specific child custody case. In other words, any factor that the judge deems appropriate to determine the child’s best interest might be considered in a custody case.

Therefore, the use of recreational marijuana could be a factor the judge considers when granting custody and parenting time, even though recreational use of marijuana is now legal in Michigan. If the court considers the use of marijuana to be harmful to the children, the court could use this factor when it considers custody. It would be similar to the way a judge considers alcohol abuse when deciding custody cases. Alcohol may be legal, but if the use of alcohol could potentially threaten a child’s safety or overall wellbeing, the court may grant custody to the other parent.

What if I Have a Medical Marijuana Permit?

Under the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act (MMMA), a person “shall not be denied custody or visitation” for using marijuana according to the provisions within the statute. However, the Act also provides that the use of medical marijuana might be a factor if the person’s behavior creates an “unreasonable danger to the minor” that can be explained and proven.

In other words, if a parent’s use of medical marijuana places a child in any danger or could potentially harm a child’s wellbeing or welfare, the court might consider a parent’s use of medical marijuana when determining custody and parenting time.

Of course, the parent alleging that the use of marijuana, either medical or recreational, must show that the use of the marijuana is relevant to one of the best interest grounds for custody and parenting time. If a parent is petitioning for a change in custody based on marijuana use, the parent must show a substantial change in circumstances since the previous custody order that would have a significant impact on the child’s wellbeing or safety.

Can I Use Marijuana and Still Have Custody or Parenting Time?

The question is answered on a case-by-case basis. The judge considers all factors relevant to the child’s best interest. You can take steps to avoid problems with custody and parenting time if you use marijuana legally in Michigan.

For example, keep your marijuana in a lockbox as you would a gun or other item that could harm your child. Do not smoke marijuana in your child’s presence or operate a motor vehicle after smoking marijuana with your child in the vehicle. Take all precautions to ensure that your actions while using marijuana cannot be viewed as negligent, reckless, or careless.

Contact a Michigan Divorce Lawyer Now for More Information

The laws regarding marijuana use and custody are likely to evolve as more cases regarding the subject are brought before the court. If you have questions about marijuana use and custody, contact our Michigan divorce lawyers to discuss the specifics of your case.


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